Umpires are empowered to remove a player and/or other team personnel from further participation in a game for rule violations, unsporting acts, or behavioral or verbal misconduct. This is one of the tools in an umpire’s bag of tools, but it should never be taken lightly. It should be used only after all efforts have been made to keep the participant in the game.
College umpires must be aware of these three items which make the NCAA rule book unique from other codes with respect to ejections.
• Umpires have the authority to issue a pregame or postgame ejection for unsporting behavior that occurs after the umpires arrive on-site but prior to the first pitch, or after the last out of the game and before the umpires have left the site.
• Some ejections, by rule, result in a suspension – making a verbal threat of physical harm (13.3.5), physical contact with an umpire or opponent (13.4), or leaving the team area to join a brawl (13.5).
• The rule book separates ejections into two types – administrative and behavioral. An administrative ejection never results in a suspension.
Administrative ejections are given for rule violations regarding equipment, uniforms, lineup management, conferences, and warmup activities. For some of these violations the player and/or the head coach is ejected.
Uniform and equipment violations
• Uniforms or equipment not worn or not used properly and the violator does not immediately comply.
• Batter entering batter’s box with an inappropriate bat, has completed their turn at bat, or the violation is discovered within the half inning.
• Inappropriate bat in the on-deck circle previously removed reappears.
• Illegal glove/mitt previously removed reappears.
• Failure to wear a legal helmet when directed by the umpire if the violator does not immediately comply.
• Unapproved defensive headgear worn and impossible to be removed or player chooses not to comply (may be substituted for or ejected).
• Unapproved undergarments worn and impossible to be removed or player chooses not to comply (may be substituted for or ejected).
• Failure to present a bat for pregame inspection that is later discovered in the team’s possession or dugout.
• Previously removed bat is rediscovered in the game.
• Carrying or wearing any device capable of transmitting information while on the field and the violator does not immediately comply.
Violations of The Game rules
• Offensive team personnel, except for those directly involved in the situation, are on the field while the ball is live. Eject if not immediate compliance or after a previous warning.
• Violation of the on-field warmups at the start of the game, between innings, and during pitching changes. Eject if not immediate compliance or after a previous warning.
• Coaches or uniformed team members position themselves near or behind home plate, or behind the backstop, while the pitcher is throwing warmup pitches or pitching to a batter. Eject if not immediate compliance or after a previous warning.
• While on defense team personnel who are not one of the nine defensive players are on the field while the ball is in play or during stoppages of play, including conferences, pitching changes, substitutions, and injuries. Eject if not immediate compliance or after a previous warning.
• Violations of the charged conference rules.
• If, after play has been suspended by the umpire, one side fails to resume play within two minutes after the umpire has called “Play ball.”
Player, Substitution and Pitcher violations
• Player illegally enters or reenters the game.
• Players who compete in the game in a way in which they are not entitled to play (illegal player).
• After a request from the umpire, the pitcher does not remove a resin bag; or wears items on pitching fingers, hand, wrist, forearm or thighs that umpire considers distracting.
• After a team warning, a player other than the pitcher of record throws a warmup pitch.
Ejection after warning
• Intentionally removing or covering any required lines on the field, the pitcher’s plate, or home plate.
• Using artificial noisemakers, musical instruments, air horns or electronic amplifiers.
• Fielder positions themself in the batter’s line of vision or acts in a manner to distract the batter.
• Player or coach commits any act while the ball is live and in play for the obvious purpose of trying to make the pitcher deliver an illegal pitch.
• Player or other team personnel applies moisture or any substance to the ball or anything else to deface the ball.
• Pitcher intentionally attempts to hit the batter with a pitch. If it warrants drastic action, may eject pitcher on first occurrence.
• Catcher does not return the ball directly to the pitcher after a foul tip and each pitch not contacted (see exceptions).
• Batter steps out of the box, holds up their hand or uses any other action as if requesting time in deliberate attempt to create an illegal pitch.
• Fielder puts out a runner occupying a base by using excessive force to push them off the occupied base.
• Pitcher intentionally attempts to hit the umpire with a pitch.
• Pitcher intentionally violates the Time Allowed Between Pitches the rule a second time in order to walk the batter without pitching
• Base runners switch positions on the bases after a conference.
• Runner collides flagrantly with a fielder, whether in possession of the ball or not.
• Runner slides out of the baseline (cannot reach the base); umpire has the option to issue a team warning when this behavior is not egregious enough to warrant an ejection.
Coach, player, or team representative
• Pregame or postgame ejection if it would have been ejection during the game.
• For misconduct (verbal or nonverbal) or unsportsmanlike conduct.
• Makes disparaging public comments on officiating to the media.
• Questions the strike zone and any call based purely on umpire’s judgment.
• Makes a verbal threat of physical harm to an opponent or umpire.
• Makes any threat of physical intimidation or harm.
• Leaves a team area or coach’s box in order to join a brawl or potential fight.
• Deliberately throws or kicks a piece of equipment as a result of disgust or frustration.
• Uses equipment in any way other than what is intended by the manufacturer.
• Incites or attempts to incite, by word or sign, a demonstration by spectators.
• Student-athletes, managers, coaches, medical personnel, scorers, and other game personnel use tobacco products.
• Team refuses to continue to play.